Diet in diabetes is the main treatment (control) of disease, preventing acute and chronic complications. What kind of diet you choose, most depend on the results. You need to decide what products you will use and which to exclude, how many times a day and at what time to eat, and whether you want to count and restrict calories. The dosage of tablets and insulin to adjust to selected diet.
Diet in diabetes: what patients need to know
The goals of treatment of type 1 and type 2:
- to maintain blood sugar within acceptable limits;
- to reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other acute and chronic complications;
- to have consistently good health, resistance to colds and other infections;
- to lose weight, if the patient has excess weight.
Physical activity, medications and insulin injections play an important role in achieving the goals listed above. But all the same diet in the first place.
Examine the lists of permitted and prohibited foods for low-carbohydrate diets. They can print, hang on the fridge, to carry.
Detailed below compares the low-carbohydrate diet in diabetes with a well balanced, low-calorie diet №9. Low-carbohydrate diet allows you to maintain consistent normal blood sugar in healthy people - no higher than 5.5 mmol/l after each meal and in the morning on an empty stomach. This protects diabetics from vascular complications. The meter will show that sugar is normalized in 2-3 days. In diabetes 1 and 2 types of insulin dosage fall to 2-7 times. Patients with type 2 diabetes can completely abandon harmful pills.
Diet in diabetes: myths and truths
|There is no specific diet for diabetes. You can and should have a little bit of everything.||You can eat any food, only if you are not worried about the threat of complications of diabetes. If you want to live long and in good health - need to limit consumption of carbohydrates. Yet there is no other way to avoid spikes of sugar after meals.|
|You can eat anything you want, and then quenching discontinuity of sugar pills or insulin||No pills lowering sugar, no injections of large doses of insulin does not help to avoid raising sugar after a meal, as well as his jumps. Patients develop long-term vascular complications of diabetes. The higher dosage of tablets and insulin, the more often it happens hypoglycemia - too low blood sugar. It is an acute, life-threatening complication.|
|Diabetics can eat sugar in small amounts||Table sugar, including brown, is among the products prohibited for use in low carbohydrate diets. Also prohibited all kinds of food containing it. Even a few grams of sugar significantly increase the level of blood glucose in patients with diabetes. Check for yourself with the meter and see it.|
|Bread, potatoes, cereals, pasta - suitable and even essential products||Bread, potatoes, cereals, pasta and any other foods that are overloaded with carbohydrates, quickly and significantly increase the level of glucose in the blood. Stay away from all products included in the prohibited list for low carbohydrate diets in diabetes 1 and 2 types.|
|Complex carbohydrates - useful and simple - harmful||The so-called complex carbohydrates - not less harmful than ordinary. Because they rapidly increase the blood glucose in patients with diabetes. Measure your sugar after eating blood glucose meter and see for yourself. When menus do not focus on the glycemic index. Keep at hand a list of permitted and prohibited foods, the link provided above and use it.|
|Fatty meats, eggs, butter - bad for the heart||Studies conducted after 2010 proved that eating saturated animal fats does not actually increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Calm eat fatty meat, eggs, cheese, butter. In Sweden, official guidelines already acknowledge that animal fats are safe for the heart. On stage - the rest of the Western countries, and then and Russian.|
|You can eat margarine because it contains no cholesterol||Margarine contains TRANS fats which is really hazardous for the heart, unlike natural fats of animal origin. Other products containing TRANS fats - mayonnaise, chips, original baked goods, any processed foods. Discard them. Cook healthy food from natural products, with no TRANS-fats and chemical additives.|
|Fiber and fats inhibit the increase of sugar after meals||If you eat foods that are overloaded with carbohydrates, fiber and fats do inhibit the increase of sugar after meals. But the effect, unfortunately, is insignificant. It does not prevent the jump in blood glucose and the development of vascular complications of diabetes. To use the products included in the prohibited list, it is impossible under any circumstances.|
|Fruit is good||Patients with diabetes 2 and type 1, the fruits and also carrots and beets, do more harm than good. The use of these products increases the sugar and stimulates an increase in body mass. Discard fruit and berries - will live longer and healthier. Get vitamins and minerals from vegetables and herbs that are allowed for a low-carb diet.|
|Fructose is useful, it does not increase blood sugar||Fructose reduces the sensitivity of tissues to insulin forms toxic "advanced glycation end products" increases the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood and uric acid. It stimulates gout and formation of kidney stones. Maybe she disrupts appetite regulation in the brain and slows satiety. Do not eat fruits and diabetic products. They do more harm than good.|
|Dietary protein causes kidney failure||Renal failure in patients with type 1 and type 2 causes elevated blood sugar, not dietary protein. In the United States, which produces beef, people eat much more protein than in the States where beef is less available. However, the prevalence of kidney failure are the same. Normalize your sugar with a low-carbohydrate diet, to retard the development of renal failure.|
|You need to eat special diabetic foods||Diabetic products contain, as sweetener fructose instead of glucose. Why fructose is harmful - it is told above. Also, these foods usually contain a lot of flour. Stay away from any “diabetic” products. They are expensive and harmful to health. Patients with type 2 diabetes it is undesirable to use any sweeteners. Because sugar substitutes, even those that contain no calories, do not give to lose weight.|
|Kids need carbohydrates for the development of||Carbohydrates are not essential, unlike protein and fat. If the child is sick with type 1 diabetes, comply with a balanced diet, he will have stunted growth and development due to the increased sugar. Moreover, an insulin pump does not help. To guarantee the normal development of the child, it needs to be put on a strict diet. Dozens of children suffering from type 1 diabetes have normal live and develop, thanks to a low-carbohydrate diet in the Western and Russian-speaking countries. Many even manage to get off insulin.|
|Low-carbohydrate diet causes hypoglycemia||Low-carbohydrate diet can actually lead to hypoglycemia, if not lower dosages of pills and insulin. Pills for type 2 diabetes that can cause hypoglycaemia, you need to completely eliminate. Dosage of insulin reduced 2-7 times, so the risk of hypoglycemia is reduced.|
What foods are healthy and which are harmful
Basic information - lists of permitted and prohibited foods for low-carbohydrate diets. Diet for diabetics more strict than similar options of low-carbohydrate diets - Kremlin, Atkins and Dukan. But diabetes is a more severe disease than obesity or metabolic syndrome. It can be well controlled only if completely abandon the prohibited products that are not making exceptions for the holidays, in a restaurant, for trips to visit and travel.
The products listed below, HARMFUL for diabetics:
- brown risk;
- pasta made from whole grains;
- bread made from whole grain;
- oatmeal and any other cereal;
- blueberries and any other berries;
- Jerusalem artichoke.
All these products traditionally are considered healthy and useful. In fact, they are overloaded with carbohydrates, increase blood sugar and therefore do more harm than good. Don't eat them.
Herbal teas for diabetes - in the best case, useless. In clandestine tablets that increase male potency, often add these potent drugs, without warning buyers. It causes men jumps in blood pressure and other side effects. Also in herbal teas and dietary Supplements from diabetes it is illegal to add substances that lower the blood sugar. In this case, these teas will Deplete the pancreas cause hypoglycemia.
Diet for type 2 diabetes
Cause of type 2 diabetes is impaired tissue sensitivity to insulin - insulin resistance. Patients are usually not reduced, and an increased level of insulin in the blood. In such a situation, to keep a balanced diet and injections of insulin - it will only compound the problem. Low-carbohydrate diet in diabetes type 2 diabetes normalizes glucose and insulin in the blood, to take control of insulin resistance.
The low-calorie diet in type 2 diabetes does not help, because patients do not want to endure chronic hunger even under pain of complications. Sooner or later, with a diet break almost everything. It carries devastating consequences for health. Also the body in response to caloric restriction slows down the metabolism. To lose weight becomes almost impossible. In addition to chronic hunger, the patient feels lethargy, the desire to hibernate.
Low-carbohydrate diet - is the salvation for patients with type 2 diabetes. It is guaranteed to normalize your blood sugar, even if it doesn't work to reduce weight. You will be able to abandon harmful pills. Most patients do not need insulin injections. And those who need them, dosing is significantly reduced. Often measure your sugar with a glucose monitor and quickly verify that a low-carb diet works and diet No. 9 - no. This is confirms the improvement of your health. Normalized results of blood tests for cholesterol and triglycerides.
Diet for diabetes type 1
Official medicine recommends that patients with type 1 diabetes to eat as well as healthy people. This is bad advice, which made disabled and killed tens of thousands of people. To bring down elevated sugar after meals, doctors prescribed large doses of insulin, but they do not help. Since you've learned about low-carbohydrate diet, you have a chance to avoid disability and early death. Type 1 diabetes is a more severe disease than type 2 diabetes. But the diet that is recommended officially, less strict.
In patients with type 1 diabetes large quantity of food carbohydrates and high dosage of insulin are unpredictable. They have different effects on blood sugar in different days. The difference in the action of insulin can be 2-4 times. Because of this blood sugar spiking which causes poor health and development complications. Patients with type 2 diabetes simply because they retain the production of insulin. She smooths out fluctuations, so blood sugar they are more stable.
However, for patients with type 1 diabetes there is a way to keep the stable normal sugar. It is in compliance with the strict low-carbohydrate diet. The fewer carbs you eat, the less insulin you need to inject. Small dosages of insulin (no more than 7 UNITS in one injection) are predictable. With a low-carbohydrate diet and accurately calculating dosages of insulin you can make sugar after a meal was no higher than 5.5 mmol/L. Also it can be kept stable normal during the day and in the morning on an empty stomach. This prevents the development of complications, provides an opportunity to live a full life.
Possible causes of ill health on a diet:
- blood sugar too dramatically decreased;
- from the body left the excess liquid, and with it the electrolyte minerals;
- concerned about the constipation.
To compensate for the deficiency of electrolytes, it is recommended to drink salted meat or chicken broth. Within a few days the body gets used to the new life and health will be restored and improved. Do not attempt to restrict caloric intake, by eating a healthy diet.