A serious illness in the form of pancreatitis requires a careful treatment approach. In addition to the use of medications, it is also important to follow a diet.
Nutrition for pancreatitis is a strict combination of healthy foods, which should contribute to the speedy recovery of the pancreas.
Any load on a weak organ leads to a new exacerbation.
What are the criteria for determining
It is very important to detect the disease in time so that a chronic form does not arise. The acute form develops rapidly, with rather vivid symptoms.
The patient's condition deteriorates sharply and there are signs such as:
- Discharge of vomit with bile. At the same time, the patient does not feel relief.
- Constant nausea.
- Dry mouth.
- Bitter belching.
- Strong and acute pain in the right hypochondrium. The site of localization can sometimes shift. Everything will depend on the area of the lesion. If the entire pancreas is involved, the pain may be shingles.
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
- White, non-removable plaque on the surface of the tongue.
- Temperature rise is possible.
- Excessive sweating.
- Pallor of the skin.
- Shock state.
- Blood pressure surges.
- Heart palpitations.
When a person observes such symptoms in himself, then you should immediately seek help from a specialist. In a serious condition, they call an ambulance at home.
The essence of the diet
As such, nutrition begins at 3 days. This is enough to relieve the peak exacerbation. In the early days, there should be therapeutic fasting. It is only allowed to use rosehip broth.
With this type of disease, diet No. 5 is most often used. It has long been developed by experienced professionals, especially for these patients.
Its main condition is more protein, less carbohydrates and fats. Food should be taken in frequent but small portions.
A person must give up foods that can increase acidity and activate the functioning of enzymes.
Diet # 5 should last about a year after a person has pancreatitis. In the case of the chronic form, a special diet should exist throughout subsequent life.
Without such adherence to a diet, recovery is impossible. This is especially true during periods of exacerbation.
At such moments, a person is haunted by severe excruciating pain. To reduce their manifestation, just a strict diet is needed.
How to eat with pancreatitis? Basic rules to follow:
- You need to eat at least 6 times. In this case, the portions should be small.
- At the time of exacerbation, it is required to eat food only in a pureed form. It should be well cooked or steamed. This preparation has a gentle effect.
- Steaming food retains more nutrients. In this form, it cannot harm the body.
- The temperature of the food must be strictly observed. Any changes can negatively affect the health of the pancreas. Food should only be warm.
- Only small portions should be consumed. Any overeating is stress, both for the organ itself and for the entire digestive tract.
- The daily intake of carbohydrates is 350 grams, fat is 80 grams.
- The intervals between meals are 3 hours.
- Eliminate all fried, spicy and smoked foods.
- Do not drink any liquid during meals.
- Every bite of food must be chewed thoroughly.
What to eat
It is good if the patient learns how to cook steamed dishes and get the most out of it. It is better to exclude fried and stewed foods.
Nutrition for pancreatitis includes:
- Steam vegetables.
- Eggs in the form of an omelette steamed. Better to cook with proteins.
- Low-fat meat and fish.
- It is not necessary to eat fresh berries and fruits; it will be much more useful to include them during cooking or bake them. The most suitable fruits are sweet apples, bananas, pears. From berries it is better to use strawberries.
- Many types of cereals are also allowed. In particular, the diet should be rice and buckwheat.
- Soups based on vegetable or meat broths. However, they should not be very greasy. After boiling vegetables or meat, they can be diluted with water.
- Kissel. It is good if the patient becomes more familiar with this category of food. They are very useful if you know what and how to cook them.
Only after the patient's condition has stabilized can one expect that the doctor will allow some more products to be added to the menu.
In any case, the body must receive everything it needs. These are vitamins and microelements.
As for dairy products, they are allowed to be consumed even with an acute form. At the same time, important conditions must be observed - fat content and freshness. When buying in a store, the label contains the percentage of fat content of a particular product. It should not exceed 2. 5%. It is better if there is an opportunity to purchase homemade kefir somewhere.
The chronic form of the disease implies a much varied list of dishes and products.
During the chronic form, experts recommend adhering to a protein diet.
Protein food will allow the body to recover faster, and the tissue cells of the pancreas cells will begin serious regeneration.
Protein is the basis and the rest is distributed equally between fats and carbohydrates. The energy value of food per day is 3000 kcal.
In this case, be sure to consume at least 150 grams of protein. Protein can also include animal origin. The more food is fortified, the better.
Allowed foods (dishes) for chronic inflammation:
- Vegetables and fruits - apples, corn, carrots, persimmons, carrots, strawberries, pears, cabbage. Use raw, fresh, boiled or steamed.
- Chicken's meat.
- Low fat dairy products.
- River fish.
- Steamed cutlets.
- Cereals - millet, semolina, rice, millet, buckwheat.
- Wheat bread. It is desirable that it was yesterday's.
- Lean beef.
- Mashed potatoes.
- Low broth soups.
- Pumpkin porridge.
- Natural juices. To reduce their concentration, dilute with warm clean water.
- Mineral water.
- Fresh juices. In case of problems with the pancreas, potato, carrot and beetroot are considered the most promising and recovering ones.
- Weak tea.
- Sweet tooth lovers are allowed to eat honey. However, there is still a limitation. You need to eat in small, rare doses, preferably after all the unpleasant symptoms disappear.
What you need to limit yourself
If pancreatitis is diagnosed, then you need to get used to the fact that some familiar, favorite, but often harmful ingredients will have to be excluded. These are:
- Rye bread.
- Fatty meat and fish.
- Sour berries and fruits - tangerines, lemons, grapes, oranges.
- Chocolate and other sweets.
- Canned food.
- Smoked products.
- Fresh white bread and sweet pastries.
- Coffee. You can replace it with chicory. It also has an invigorating effect, but it does not have any negative effects on the pancreas. On the contrary, chicory root is very curative for this disease, if you know how to use it.
- Carbonated drinks.
All permitted drinks must be drunk before or after a meal. With pancreatitis, it is not recommended to drink food.
Diet therapy course
Many patients are concerned about the question: how long will the diet last? No one can give a definite answer, since everything will depend on the individual characteristics of the organism and the course of the disease.
In the acute form, the patient is immediately admitted to the hospital. It is there that he will be prescribed drugs that will normalize the patient's condition.
With severe pain in the first days of hospitalization, doctors unequivocally define therapeutic fasting.
The chronic form is characterized by a lifelong presence in the pancreas.
To protect themselves as much as possible from outbreaks of exacerbation, patients are periodically prescribed drug therapy.
It is very important to follow the dietary rules. Only in this case, you can count on a successful course of the disease and maximum comfort.
Chronic pancreatitis is usually treated even at the time of exacerbation at home. Only in some difficult situations are they diagnosed in a hospital.
At least 14 days are allocated for therapy in the acute form. This does not mean at all that, going home, a person can again return to the previous habitual diet.
The diet must be followed for at least another 6-8 months.
Although doctors recommend taking a closer look at such a diet for life. At a minimum, a person will protect himself from new outbreaks. For many it will be a pleasant bonus - weight loss.
What can you eat with pancreatitis? The attending physician should draw up the correct menu and determine certain products, focusing on different features of the patient's condition. The options can be very diverse.
Most often, a person is prescribed diet number 5. It is most suitable for patients with pancreatitis.
If such a meal is assigned, then they try to diversify the menu as much as possible. For breakfast you can cook:
- Pumpkin porridge and uzvar.
- Low-fat cottage cheese and rosehip infusion.
- Cheese with biscuits and rosehip infusion.
- Beetroot salad and compote.
- Oatmeal with jelly.
- Steam scrambled eggs and mild tea with crackers.
- Buckwheat porridge and weak tea.
- Baked apples with dried apricots.
- Boiled beets.
- Rice with raisins.
- Pumpkin and carrot puree.
- Whipped egg whites.
- Carrot salad.
For lunch you can cook:
- Cottage cheese casserole.
- Soups with weak broth or borscht.
- Chicken cutlet.
- Fish with rice.
- Boiled beef.
- Naval macaroni.
- Vegetable roll.
- Sandwiches with cheese and butter.
- Fruit jelly.
- Baked potatoes.
- Kissel from non-acidic berries.
- Fruit pudding.
- Bean puree.
The last appointment in the evening may include:
- Vinaigrette and yogurt.
- Apple puree and unflavored low-fat yogurt.
- Rice pudding and yogurt.
- Rice with raisins and varenets.
- Boiled cauliflower and yogurt. It is good if it is a homemade fermented milk product.
- Steamed omelet of proteins and fermented baked milk.
- Zucchini caviar and kefir 1%.
Nutrition for the acute form of the disease
At the peak of exacerbation, the patient will have to completely abandon the use of any food. At this point, only drinking water is allowed. It is advisable to prepare a rosehip decoction.
Drink 5 glasses a day. Mineral alkaline water is also suitable. Reception is carried out throughout the day for 1 glass 4-5 times.
In severe cases, nutrition is carried out by drip through the veins. It lasts 2 days.
After the exacerbation has been removed, the patient is instructed on further nutrition. The menu should include only low-calorie foods.
They start to consume food in very small doses and look closely at the state of health. The load on the pancreas should not be allowed.
From the second week, they begin to dilute the diet. There can be entered:
- Vegetables and fruits that are high in antioxidants.
- Freshly squeezed and diluted juices.
- Green tea.
- Liquid porridge.
- White chicken meat.
- Various foods rich in protein.
If you adhere to proper nutrition, then soon the patient will notice a positive development of the treatment.